What are the categories and codes on my driving licence? What you can (and can’t) drive on a standard UK driving licence

Ever wondered about the different categories on the back of your UK driving licence? We’ve compiled a list of all those categories so you can see what you can and can’t drive once you’ve passed your driving test, as well as what ones you’ll need to take an additional test for.

What do the categories on your driving licence mean?

Find out what your currently entitled to drive with your standard UK driving licence.

Catergory Type Additional driving test Restrictions
A Motorbikes Yes N/A
AM 2 or 3 wheeled motors Yes Max speed 15.5-28mph
B Cars No Max 8 passenger seats
B auto Automatic cars No N/A
B+E Cat B + trailer No Up to 3,500kg
B1 Light vehicles No Up to 550kg with goods
C Large lorries Yes Max trailer 750kg
C+E Cat C + trailer Yes N/A
C1 Lorries Yes Up to 7,500kg + 750kg trailer
C1+E Cat C1 + trailer Yes Max combined weight 12,000kg
D Bus Yes Trailer up to 750kg
D+E Cat D + trailer Yes N/A
D1 Minibus Yes Length max 8m, trailer max 750kg
D1+E Cat D1 + trailer Yes N/A
F Tractor No N/A
G Road roller Yes N/A
H Tracked vehicles Yes N/A
K Pedestrian vehicles No Self-propelled
Q 2 wheeled motors No Max speed 15.5mph

Classes you can drive with a standard UK licence

Category AM

This classification means you can drive two- or three-wheeled motors with a maximum design speed between 15.5mph and 28mph. But, you’ll need to pass a compulsory basic training test (CBT) as well.

This classification also includes quad bikes that have a maximum design speed of between 15.5mph and 28mph, weighing no more than 350kg (doesn’t include batteries on electric vehicles).

Category B

To drive a car, Category B is the classification you’ll need; you can drive vehicles up to 3,500kg Maximum Authorised Mass, with up to eight passenger seats.

For those over 21 years old, Category B also means you can driver motor tricycles that have a power output higher than 15kW; you also get provisional entitlement to ride category motor tricycles that meet Cat A1 or A requirements (and if you’re physically disabled).

Category F

You can drive an agricultural tractor. That’s right, you can hop behind the wheel of an agricultural tractor, with no restrictions.

Category K

This classification means you can drive a pedestrian-controlled vehicle; in other words, any self-propelled device you walk behind to control. For example, a mowing machine.

Category Q

You can drive a two-wheeled vehicle with an engine size of no more than 50cc if powered by internal combustion and have a maximum design speed of no more than 15.5mph.

Classes you might have on your licence

Category B1

You can drive motor vehicles with four wheels up to 400kg unladen or 550kg if they are designed for carrying goods – this is common on older driving licences.

Category B+E

If you passed your test before January 1, 1997, then you’ll be able to drive a vehicle with a trailer over the usual combined limit of 3,500kg, so up to 8,250kg. If you passed your test after this date you’ll have to take an additional test to tow weights over 3,500kg.

Category B auto

Used instead of a Category B licence, this means you are limited to driving automatic cars only and are not allowed to drive a manual car.

Category P

This is an old category still on some people’s licences. It refers to two-wheeled vehicles with a maximum design speed of no more than 31mph and an engine size lower than 50cc. On recent licences this category is merged with Category AM.

Classes you need to complete an additional test for

Category A

Once you pass a bike test you’ll be able to drive motorbikes with a power output of more than 47bhp and tricycles with a power output over 20bhp.

Category C1

After passing the appropriate test, you’ll be entitled to drive vehicles weighing between 3,500kg and 7,500kg (with a trailer up to 750kg) thanks to Category C1 on your driving license.

Category C1+E

Gives you trailer entitlement to Category C1, meaning you can tow a trailer weighing over 750kg. The combined weight of both the vehicle and the trailer cannot exceed 12,00kg and the trailer cannot weigh more than the towing vehicle either.

Category C

Complete the relevant additional test and you can drive vehicles weighing more than 3,500kg (with a trailer up to 750kg).

Category C+E

Gives you trailer entitlement to Category C, meaning you can tow a trailer weighing over 750kg.

Category D1

With the D1 classification you can drive a minibus with no more than 16 passenger seats and a maximum length of 8 metres, once you’ve passed the relevant test of course. You’ll also be able to tow a trailer up to a maximum weight of 750kg.

Category D1+E

With this classification you can drive D1 category vehicles with a trailer over 750kg – provided the combined weight of the trailer and vehicle do not exceed 12,000kg.

Category D

Category D means you can drive any bus with more than 8 passenger seats (with a trailer up to 750kg).

Category D+E

You can tow a trailer over 750kg on a Category D vehicle.

Category G

If you fancy it, this gives you entitlement to drive a road roller.

Category H

With Category H you can drive tracked vehicles, and yes, this includes tanks.


You don’t need a driving licence for electric bikes, mobility scooters or powered wheelchairs.


Along with categories covering what vehicles you can drive, your driving licence also includes various codes that add a wealth of other information about the holder. Here’s what you need to know.

Why are driving licence codes different to categories?

Categories dictate the types of vehicles that an individual can drive, whereas driving licence codes tell what conditions apply.

How do I check the codes on my licence?

You can find the codes that relate to your licence by looking under section 12 on the reverse of your driving licence.

Ignoring codes can result in big fines, so it’s essential that we take note of any restrictions on our licence and that we comply.

Here are some of the common codes you could find listed under section 12.

Code: 01

What does this licence code mean: This means you need eyesight correction when driving. You’ll need to wear glasses or contact lenses when driving – by law. Failure to do so could result in a fine and penalty points. You will also need to report any changes to your vision or any corrective surgery.

Code: 02

What does this licence code mean: The 02 code mean that a hearing or communication aid must be worn when behind the wheel. As with eyesight, you must tell the DVLA about any changes to your hearing.

Code: 106

What does this licence code mean: If this is specified under section 12, then it’s time to stop using your left foot while driving. Licence-holders with ‘106’ are limited to automatic vehicles only. Anyone who has a full manual licence is also free to drive an automatic without passing an additional test.

Code: 115

What does this licence code mean: Not a restriction, this code lets authorities know that the holder of the licence is an organ donor.

Click here for a full list of driving licence codes and what they mean.

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24 comments for “What are the categories and codes on my driving licence? What you can (and can’t) drive on a standard UK driving licence

  1. jon
    20/08/2019 at 9:02 pm

    how can I get a b1 licence?

  2. Woody
    08/08/2019 at 7:58 pm

    What class do I need for a campervan.

  3. Pitham
    26/09/2018 at 8:06 am

    Ok not to sure
    I have A so it says if i pass my motorcycle test i can ride motorcycles

    What size motorcycles can i ride and what size do i have to take my test on im 55 so its grandfather rights i guess

    • Peter Mills
      04/10/2018 at 2:36 pm

      Hi there, I have A category on my licence for motor bikes but it has the code 79(3) after it. What does this mean?


      • Ian
        09/10/2018 at 6:16 pm

        79 (3) is Restricted to tricycles

  4. Danny
    06/09/2018 at 7:33 am

    I passed my Motorcycle test in 1990 and have a B1 code on my license and I have been told that as I passed my full bike test before February 2001 that I will not have to take the theory test to obtain a full car license. Could someone clarify this for me.

    • Terry Hollingsworth
      18/10/2018 at 7:30 pm

      You have to take the theory test for each test you want to take.

  5. geo c
    11/03/2018 at 7:35 am

    i got a full UK licence in 83 and have cats B BE C1 C1E 107 D1 101 D1E 101.119 fklnp. can i drive a large modified bus/coach (not for carrying passengers) to live in, example the old london routemaster kitted out as a home. cant seem to find anything related to this. thanks

    • Max
      26/09/2018 at 1:21 pm

      Yes I’m sure you can. I recall an article in the Used Car Buyer magazine where they featured buying a Routemaster as an alternative when Ken was offloading them from London Transport service. As I recall, the magazine did state that you can drive such a bus using a normal licence as long as it is not used for public service, so for you to rip out the seats, kit it out to live in and use as a holiday home, I would see absolutely no problem with that on an ’83 licence.

    • Ian
      09/10/2018 at 6:20 pm

      Yes you can, but I have heard that it has to be 30 years old or older.

  6. Shah Din
    06/03/2018 at 12:41 pm

    hi..i have Driving Licence 19 years- B and CE, From Dubai United Arab Emirates ..
    now i am Residents of the UK Can i have Same Categories Licence of the UK without Test.

  7. Adam
    12/02/2018 at 12:02 pm

    What do I have to do to get a category D1

    • Mark Rhodes
      14/05/2018 at 10:59 am

      D1 is the Minibus test. So get your DVLA Medical sorted, complete the Hazard Perception and Theory tests for D1 and then find a training provider thats offeres Mini bus Training.

      • Max
        26/09/2018 at 1:24 pm

        or go back in time and take your test then. Older licences automatically had the D1 category included, alas!

  8. d eddleston
    05/02/2018 at 4:54 pm

    i past my test in 1956 can i drive a 7.5 ton wagon do i need a cpc and a medical my age now is 78 thanks

    • A.Gilbert
      23/10/2018 at 3:14 pm

      If driving for hire and reward( in other words as a job carrying goods) you will need both.
      If wanting to occasionally hire a van for personal use eg moving house or a large camper motorhome up to 7.5 tonnes you don’t need the cpc but you will need a medical as you are over 70.
      Basically after 70 you revert back to 3.5 tonnes unless you take a medical.
      I gave up the class 1 and 7.5 tonne entitlement.

  9. Lynne stowe
    10/01/2018 at 1:55 pm

    Can I tow a caravan with my licence as it is with code B1 and B please

  10. B.J. Madden
    18/11/2017 at 5:29 pm

    I passed my motorcycle driving test around June/July 1960. (any size engine)On my new type photo licence it says I am entitled to drive/ride groups:—- AM—A—B1–B—BE—& f.k.i.n.p.q. My question is
    can I ride a large motorcycle 1200cc ? It looks as though I cannot.But I passed my test many years ago !

    • Phil
      28/03/2018 at 1:01 am

      You can ride any size you like you have -A- entitlement which is unrestricted use of bikes of any capacity.

    • Dean
      09/06/2018 at 3:20 pm

      I passed my in the 80s I can ride anything

  11. John H
    18/10/2017 at 11:44 pm

    I passed my bus test in a single decker in1983 in a semi-automatic working for the local council, on my licence relating to bus….. D1,, D,, D1E and DE are on….
    Could I now drive a manual bus without taking another test…. I have been told that I can

  12. James Albon
    17/07/2017 at 7:18 am

    Hi. I’ve got category AM and category A with a date on it. Can I ride a motorbike without taking any more tests. Thanks

    • james loughery
      14/10/2017 at 12:13 pm

      As far as i can see you will still need to do a CBT basic bike test and if the bike goes over 28mph a full bike test must also be passed.. I myself do not have the full bike test passed and have similar as to which your question states .. Hope this helps ..

    • Phil
      28/03/2018 at 1:03 am

      If your -A- entitlement is in date you can ride whatever bike you wish.

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